The Aberdare Range which is hence or otherwise referred to as Scotland with lionsis located in central Kenya, on the eastern edge of the Rift Valley. The forest belt of the Aberdare Range comprises a number of forest reserves, including the Aberdare, Kikuyu escarpment, Kijabe Hill, Kipipiri and Nyamweru, as well as some forest areas in the Aberdare National Park. The forests covers over 250,000 ha.
These forests form part of the upper catchments of Tana River ,Kenya’s largest river as well as Athi ,Ewaso Nyiro(North) and Malewa rivers. They are also the main catchments for the Sasumua and Ndakaini dams, which provide most of the drinking water to Nairobi. The forests are characterized by a high diversity of vegetation types, because of the wide altitudinal range(from 1,800 to 3,600 metres)and the climatic differences between the slopes .In addition, the Aberdare Range offers spectacular scenery for tourism. The Aberdares is highly favored by it’s altitude and rainfall, hence it’s rich diversity.